FIRE HYDRANT SYSTEM
A network of underground pipes known as the Fire Hydrant System is used to transport water to fire hydrants so they can put out fires. The system is commonly interconnected to a public source of water, like a lake, river, or reservoir. The hydrants can then be opened to spray water on the fire when the water has been pumped through the pipes to them.
Fire pumps (Electrical, Jokey and Diesel)
Electrical Pump systems are high-pressure water pumps are used to strengthen a building’s ability to combat fires by increasing the pressure in the hydrant service.
A Jockey Pump is a little pump used to keep pressure in the sprinkler pipes of a fire sprinkler system. This is done to make sure that if a fire sprinkler is turned on, there will be a pressure drop, and the jockey pump will turn on to counteract this pressure drop.
A Jockey Pump in the absence of an electrical power supply, fire pumps have been employed to supply water and pressure to fire prevention systems.
Fire Hose Cabinet and Hose Reels and Pipes:
A Fire Hose Cabinet guards against contamination and damage. The wall-mounted cabinet is surface- or recess-mounted, has a small footprint to maximize space, and is simple to use.
A Fire Hose Pipe is a powerful hose used to put out fires by bringing water and other flame-retardants to the scene. Either a fire hydrant or a fire engine can be connected to it.
Fire Hose Reels are put in strategic locations to offer a manageable and accessible supply of water to put out a potential fire risk.
Sprinklers System are used in fire protection to automatically release water, generally from pipes near the ceiling, to protect a building from fire.
Sprinkler glass bulbs with different operating temperatures:
The temperature rating of the sprinkler is indicated by the colors. The maximum ambient ceiling temperature and the occupancy classification must be taken into account when choosing the sprinkler with the appropriate temperature rating. Sprinklers are actuated by heat, so if the maximum ambient ceiling temperature isn’t taken into account, it could result in unintentional sprinkler activity. The frame arm, deflector, or coating material will typically have some color indicating the temperature rating if the sprinkler does not have a glass bulb.
Hydrant/ Landing Valves: Simply put, a fire hydrant is a valve-like device that works like your water faucet and releases a steady stream of water when you open it.
Hydrant Gate Valves are only used to switch the water on and off. In an emergency, they frequently have a crank handle that makes it much simpler for firefighters to instantly start the water flowing.
Non-Return Valve; when pressure conditions may otherwise result in reversed flow, a NRV is installed to make sure that a medium flows through a pipe in the correct direction.
Pressure Regulators Valve (PRV); to offer a lower, more usable pressure for distribution in the residence, they automatically lower the high incoming water pressure from the city mains.
Deluge Valve, it is used to control water flow in systems that use foam, deluge, and pre-action. The outlet chamber and system pipes are kept dry by the valve being held closed by system water pressure that has been captured in the priming chamber.
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